Student-Centered

Teaching in Sociology

Luke Hanna 

September 2018 | Edited September 2019
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This is a figure that I derived from pedagogical research where I examined the use of Twitter in the college classroom. Students, the instructor, and supplemental resources comprise the components of a college class. The instructor utilizes supplements and experience to deliver lectures and students interact in discussions with the instructor. I argue that students spending time in reflection with course materials is a third and equally significant element of teaching sociology. I also believe that only if students are motivated to reflect on course material can we achieve a student-centered classroom environment.

As college instructors, many of us have been exposed to the concept of "student-centered learning." I argue that student-centered learning should be the central premise in contemporary sociological pedagogy.

 

One tool that I have used throughout my career to facilitate student-centered learning is social media. You can read more about how I have come to use Twitter assignments in the classroom, or here for other reasons to use Twitter in the sociology classroom, but in this piece, I would like to focus on my student-centered philosophy and how I have structurally implemented it in the classroom.

 

What I Learned from Graduate Seminars on Teaching Sociology

As I was training to become a sociology instructor, I was fortunate to be able to take two separate graduate-level seminars specific to "teaching sociology" and I received on-the-job training as a Teaching Assistant in well over a dozen college courses. Through all of these experiences, I often heard about "student-centered learning." It was not until I attended a conference session on Teaching Sociology where I was made aware of the alternative, did I truly understand the concept of teaching from the perspective of students. 

 

More or less this discussion revolves around regular topics of concern for sociology instructors. "How do we make students read?," "Talk in class?," "Do their homework?," or just generally show interest in sociology? Arguments made in the Teaching Sociology session, support the idea of increasing "rigor," being more authoritative, or even tricking students into course engagement. Overall, sociologists who teach from this  perspective expect their students to find interest in outdated textbooks, abstract journal articles, nap-worthy lectures, and forced "class discussions." The tendency, then, is to find solutions that penalize students for poor work, rather than incentivizing students for good work. 

My Philosophical Assumptions about Teaching Sociology

My teaching philosophy differs from many of these "old school" hardliners. Before I get into my student-centered teaching philosophy, I will first present a list of philosophical assumptions that I make in my course design.

1. I trust my students.  The first assumption that I make when I am designing and teaching sociology courses is that students want to know something about society. Perhaps they do not have the same questions that interest me,  textbooks or current journal publications, but I truly believe that if you put sociology in the hands of young people, they will use it to answer questions. This is why I teach students to see the world through different perspectives rather than memorize terminology.  Even as professional sociologists we all have to look up certain terms, equations, or theories. This is after years of coursework, obviously the memorization technique does not work. This is why I trust that given the resources, students will engage in such a way that improves their futures, as well as produces a better educational environment in the classroom.

2. I trust sociology. I understand the level of rigor that goes into sociological research. There are flaws in academia, but producing enough knowledge is not one.  This is why I teach my classes with the assumption that sociological knowledge is valuable, and if applied will improve the well-being of people. Too often, classes are being taught from the perspective of a life-long academic sociologist. There are very few of our students, especially in lower division courses, who want to get a PhD in sociology and spend their careers writing journal articles, but I trust the discipline of sociology to offer insight to students in a wide variety of career paths. In other words, I do not feel obligated to use gimmicks or sales pitches, to demand interest.

 

Strategy for Implementing Student-Centered Teaching

My overall philosophy when teaching sociology is to put its theories and methods in the hands of young people and give them goals to achieve. This is a stark contrast from any teaching philosophy that "makes" students do things. For example, I do not give students any assessment of their reading progress, rather I give them goals that require they know the information contained in the reading.

Thoughts on Rigor in the Sociology Classroom

I am really drawn to conversations about student outcomes and assessment. Students rarely perceive my class as "hard." As evidence you can see my 2 out of 5 rating for Level of Difficulty on Rate My Professor , but seriously, I hear student "rumblings."

I actually take some pride in the "easy professor" label, but I am able to because at the end of each semester, I have a collection of works that demonstrate each student being able to apply theoretical, methodological, and philosophical sociology to their lives and careers. 

how to contribute sociological work to applied worldwide
Luke Hanna giving an applied sociology presentation at the Pacific Sociological Association Conference
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Luke Hanna's model for student-centered teaching best used when preparing student for careers in applied sociology
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